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Union legislation

The current EU legislative framework on genetically modified organisms (GMOs), for experimental purposes and commercial applications, is the result of a long process that produced the development of provisions increasingly responsive to scientific innovations and new issues relating to the evaluation and the management of the risk derived from the use of GMOs. In the EU, GMOs can be authorized only after passing a rigorous evaluation process regarding their safety to ensure that any possible consequence, unintended or undesirable, either directly or indirectly on the environment and human and animal health, is detected and avoided, through an evaluation "case by case", taking into account the risk / benefit ratio. To know more.


Italian legislation

Legislative Decree 8 July 2003 n. 224, implementing directive 2001/18/EC at a national level, shall, in accordance with the precautionary principle, establish appropriate measures to protect human and animal health and the environment in case of:

  • deliberate release of GMOs for purposes other than placing on the market;
  • placing on the market of GMOs as such or in products.

Italy, as a Member State of the European Union, has the obligation to transpose EU directives and to comply with regulations (directly applicable in the Member States).

On 12 December 2016 came into force the legislative decree 14 November 2016, no. 227 on the implementation of directive (EU) 2015/412 that amending directive 2001/18/EC as regards the possibility for Member States to restrict or prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in their territory; This decree modifies legislative decree no. 224 and it introduces a mechanism that makes possible restrict or prohibit the cultivation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) on Italian territory. To know more